China-Africa relations in a changing world

Chiyemura, Frangton (2024). China-Africa relations in a changing world. In: Dauncey, Emil; Desai, Vandana and Potter, Robert B eds. The Companion to Development Studies. London: Routledge.



The proliferation of economic, political, diplomatic, military and socio-cultural relations between China and Africa since the early 2000s resembles one of the most significant developments in cooperation for Global South countries in the 21st century. Several waves of journalistic, academic and think tank driven research have sought to understand the scope, significance and impacts of the engagements (Oqubay and Lin, 2019). Some publications have focused on drivers and motivations, while others explore the impacts and outcomes of the renewed relations between China and Africa (Kamoche et al., 2021; Alden and Large, 2019). While the majority of research has attempted to understand how China is seen to be driving this engagement, a new set of publications has emerged, shifting the analytical lens to that focused on how Africans – whether as individuals or collectively are influencing, shaping and co-determining the way the engagement unfolds and eventually the benefits and costs associated with such relations (Mohan and Tan-Mullins, 2019). This chapter contributes to this growing literature and begins by briefly contextualising China-Africa relations, followed by a discussion of drivers and motivations. It proceeds with a discussion of the impact and outcomes, ending with a consideration for the future of China-Africa relations.

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