The Early Years: Foundation Stage within the Primary School

Carroll, Tricia and Josephidou, Joanne (2022). The Early Years: Foundation Stage within the Primary School. In: Cooper, Hilary and Elton-Chalcraft, Sally eds. Professional Studies in Primary Education. London, UK: SAGE Publications Ltd, pp. 145–170.



This chapter aims to dispel some of the myths about what young children are capable of. We hope you will develop an understanding of how much children have learnt before they even arrive in your class and therefore how your teaching needs to sensitively build on this. Alison Gopnik, a professor of psychology and affiliate professor of philosophy at the University of California, continues to challenge our perspectives of children through her numerous publications; one such description we continually return to is that of a very young child as ‘the most powerful learning machine in the universe’ (Gopnik et al. 1999 p. 1).

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