Efficient detection of 45 ppb ammonia at room temperature using Ni-doped CeO2

Paul, Rinku; Maity, Nikhilesh; Das, Biswajit; Emadian, Seyedeh Sadrieh; Kumar, Ajay; Krishnamurthy, Satheesh; Singh, Abhishek Kumar and Ghosh, Ranajit (2024). Efficient detection of 45 ppb ammonia at room temperature using Ni-doped CeO2. Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, 662 pp. 663–675.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcis.2024.02.080


To meet the requirements in air quality monitors for the public and industrial safety, sensors are required that can selectively detect the concentration of gaseous pollutants down to the parts per million (ppm) and ppb (parts per billion) levels. Herein, we report a remarkable NH3 sensor using Ni-doped CeO2 octahedral nanostructure which efficiently detects NH3 as low as 45 ppb at room temperature. The Ni-doped CeO2 sensor exhibits the maximum response of 42 towards 225 ppm NH3 , which is ten-fold higher than pure CeO2 . The improved sensing performance is caused by the enhancement of oxygen vacancy, bandgap narrowing, and redox property of CeO2 caused by Ni doping. Density functional theory confirms that O vacancy with Ni at Ce site (VONiCe) augments the sensing capabilities. The Bader charge analysis predicts the amount of charge transfer (0.04 e) between the Ni-CeO2 surface and the NH3 molecule. As well, the high negative adsorption energy (≈750meV) and lowest distance (1.40Å) of the NH3 molecule from the sensor surface lowers the detection limit. The present work enlightens the fabrication of sensing elements through defect engineering for ultra-trace detection of NH3 to be useful further in the field of sensor applications.

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