Prediction of IOL decentration, tilt and axial position using anterior segment OCT data

Langenbucher, Achim; Szentmáry, Nóra; Cayless, Alan; Wendelstein, Jascha and Hoffmann, Peter (2024). Prediction of IOL decentration, tilt and axial position using anterior segment OCT data. Graefe's archive for clinical and experimental ophthalmology = Albrecht von Graefes Archiv fur klinische und experimentelle Ophthalmologie, 262 pp. 835–846.



Intraocular lenses (IOLs) require proper positioning in the eye to provide good imaging performance. This is especially important for premium IOLs. The purpose of this study was to develop prediction models for estimating IOL decentration, tilt and the axial IOL equator position (IOLEQ) based on preoperative biometric and tomographic measures.
Based on a dataset (N = 250) containing preoperative IOLMaster 700 and pre-/postoperative Casia2 measurements from a cataractous population, we implemented shallow feedforward neural networks and multilinear regression models to predict the IOL decentration, tilt and IOLEQ from the preoperative biometric and tomography measures. After identifying the relevant predictors using a stepwise linear regression approach and training of the models (150 training and 50 validation data points), the performance was evaluated using an N = 50 subset of test data.
In general, all models performed well. Prediction of IOL decentration shows the lowest performance, whereas prediction of IOL tilt and especially IOLEQ showed superior performance. According to the 95% confidence intervals, decentration/tilt/IOLEQ could be predicted within 0.3 mm/1.5°/0.3 mm. The neural network performed slightly better compared to the regression, but without significance for decentration and tilt.
Neural network or linear regression-based prediction models for IOL decentration, tilt and axial lens position could be used for modern IOL power calculation schemes dealing with 'real' IOL positions and for indications for premium lenses, for which misplacement is known to induce photic effects and image distortion.

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