A hybrid piezoelectric and electrostatic energy harvester for scavenging arterial pulsations

Sobianin, Ihor; Psoma, Sotiria D. and Tourlidakis, Antonios (2023). A hybrid piezoelectric and electrostatic energy harvester for scavenging arterial pulsations. Materials Today: Proceedings, 93(1) pp. 16–23.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.matpr.2023.05.213


Implantable and wearable biomedical devices suffer from a limited lifespan of on-board batteries which require change causing physical discomfort. In order to overcome this, various energy harvesters have been developed as the human body possesses several types of energy available for scavenging through appropriately designed energy harvesting devices, while the cardiovascular system in particular represents a constant reliable source of mechanical energy from vibration. Most conventional energy harvesters exploit only a single phenomenon, such piezo- or triboelectricity, thus producing reduced power density. As an improvement, hybridisation of energy harvesters intends to negate this drawback by simultaneously scavenging energy by multiple harvesters. In the present work, the reverse electrowetting on dielectric (REWOD) phenomenon is combined with the piezoelectric effect in a proof-of-concept hybrid harvester for scavenging biomechanical energy from arterial or other type pulsations. A mathematical model of the harvester was developed; and, an investigation using computational fluid dynamics simulations was carried out using the COMSOL Multiphysics software. The effect of the materials of piezoelectric film and geometrical features of the harvester on parameters such as the displacement, the frequency of pulsations and the energy produced were studied. An experimental setup that could model the time-varying pressures and displacements caused from arterial pulsations was designed and the characteristics of the produced piezoelectrical energy were analysed. A comparison between experimental and computational data was carried out demonstrating a good agreement. The dependencies between geometrical parameters and electrical output were determined and recommendations on piezoelectric materials and design solutions were provided.

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