Determining the Pyroxene Mineralogies of Vestoids

Burbine, T. H.; Buchanan, P. C,; Jercinovic, M. J. and Greenwood, R. C. (2023). Determining the Pyroxene Mineralogies of Vestoids. The Planetary Science Journal, 4(5) p. 96.



Bulk pyroxene compositions were calculated for a number of V-type asteroid spectra using formulae derived by Burbine et al. These formulae were derived by analyzing HED (howardite, eucrite, and diogenite) meteorites and calculate bulk Fs (mol%) and Wo (mol%) contents using derived band centers. Using HEDs with known bulk pyroxene compositions, the uncertainty in the predicted Fs contents was determined to be ±3 mol%, and the uncertainty in the predicted Wo contents was ±2 mol%. V-type asteroids tend to have interpreted pyroxene mineralogies consistent primarily with eucrites and howardites. We investigate why diogenitic mineralogies appear so rare among ∼5–10 km V-type asteroids but are much more commonly present among HED meteorites. One possibility is that diogenitic intrusions are extremely “thin” but widespread in Vesta’s eucritic crust. In this scenario, Vestoids (V-type asteroids thought to be derived from Vesta) would be expected to be solid fragments of Vesta. Another possibility is that Vesta’s upper crust has been significantly shattered and diogenitic material would be much less common than the eucritic material in the crust. Vestoids would then be expected to be rubble piles. The belief that most asteroid families were shattered at least twice would argue that Vesta’s crust is also shattered and that Vestoids are rubble piles.

Viewing alternatives

Download history


Public Attention

Altmetrics from Altmetric

Number of Citations

Citations from Dimensions

Item Actions