Race(ism) and Ethnicity

Gunter, Anthony (2023). Race(ism) and Ethnicity. In: Cooper, Victoria and Tatlow-Golden, Mimi eds. An Introduction to Childhood and Youth Studies and Psychology. Abingdon, Oxon: Routledge, pp. 139–153.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.4324/9781003358855-10


This chapter will introduce students to the complex and contested concepts of race, racism, and ethnicity. In particular, it will attempt to move beyond race theorising by discussing the impact of racism on the lives of children and young people. Research evidence suggests that children identify physical attributes of others early in life and, when exposed to racial and ethnic prejudice, can absorb these social meanings before they start school. Moreover, in the UK, there has been a longstanding concern about the impact of racism in schools on certain groups (e.g., black British Caribbean pupils). Even outside the school environment, black, Asian, and minority ethnic (BAME) youth have to contend with the effects of racism. For example, BAME young adults are disproportionately more likely to be caught up the criminal justice system and to suffer higher rates of unemployment than their white peers.

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