Monte‐Carlo simulation of a thick lens IOL power calculation

Langenbucher, Achim; Szentmáry, Nóra; Cayless, Alan; Gatinel, Damien; Debellemanière, Guillaume; Wendelstein, Jascha and Hoffmann, Peter (2024). Monte‐Carlo simulation of a thick lens IOL power calculation. Acta Ophthalmologica, 102(1) e42-e52.



The purpose of this Monte-Carlo study is to investigate the effect of using a thick lens model instead of a thin lens model for the intraocular lens (IOL) on the resulting refraction at the spectacle plane and on the ocular magnification based on a large clinical data set.

A pseudophakic model eye with a thin spectacle correction, a thick cornea (curvatures for both surfaces and central thickness) and a thick IOL (equivalent power PL derived from a thin lens IOL, Coddington factor CL (uniformly distributed from −1.0 to 1.0), either preset central thickness LT = 0.9 mm (A) or optic edge thickness ET = 0.2 mm, (B)) was set up. Calculations were performed on a clinical data set containing 21 108 biometric measurements of a cataractous population based on linear Gaussian optics to derive spectacle refraction and ocular magnification using the thin and thick lens IOL models.

A prediction model (restricted to linear terms without interactions) was derived based on the relevant parameters identified with a stepwise linear regression approach to provide a simple method for estimating the change in spectacle refraction and ocular magnification where a thick lens IOL is used instead of a thin lens IOL. The change in spectacle refraction using a thick lens IOL with (A) or (B) instead of a thin lens IOL with identical power was within limits of around ±1.5 dpt when the thick lens IOL was placed with its haptic plane at the plane of the thin lens IOL. In contrast, the change in ocular magnification from considering the IOL as a thick lens instead of a thin lens was small and not clinically significant.

This Monte-Carlo simulation shows the impact of using a thick lens model IOL with preset LT or ET on the resulting spherical equivalent refraction and ocular magnification. If IOL manufacturers would provide all relevant data on IOL design data and refractive index for all power steps, this would make it possible to perform direct calculations of refraction and ocular magnification.

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