Gender and migration

Raghuram, Parvati and Olarinde, Omololá S. (2022). Gender and migration. In: Triandafyllidou, Anna ed. Routledge Handbook of Immigration and Refugee Studies (2nd Edition). Abingdon, Oxon: Routledge, pp. 26–33.



There is now a plethora of research on gendered migration. Much of it has been shaped by particular imaginaries – South-North migration of women trafficked or women moving to work in the feminised sectors of the labour market. However, this pattern is changing rapidly as women now work in a wide range of sectors. Moreover, women who come as lead migrants are reshaping gender relations within the household and at work as they challenge patriarchal norms in destination countries. This chapter draws on insights from a range of case studies, particularly across Europe but also in Africa, to highlight the diversity in migration and gendered patterns and what this tells us about both gender and migration. In particular, it challenges stereotypical imaginaries of gendered migration and points to the need for broadening contemporary debates.

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