The relationship between electric processing condition and microstructure in the solidification of multicomponent oxides

Bhagurkar, Ashutosh and Qin, Rongshan (2023). The relationship between electric processing condition and microstructure in the solidification of multicomponent oxides. Ceramics International, 49(12) pp. 20096–20103.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ceramint.2023.03.133

Abstract

Systematic characterization for the relationship between the electropulse processing conditions and microstructure has been carried out in the present work. It is found that electropulse can refine porosity and alter grain morphology considerably. A processing with optimum electropulsing parameters can reduce over 75% volume fraction of porosity and more than 70% average pore diameter in comparison with that of reference sample without electric treatment. Electric current treatment promotes the growth of dendrites with smaller thickness of primary arms dendrite and prevents the liquid entrapping between the growing solid grains. The former is caused by the effect of electricity-enhanced kinetic mobility on the radius of curvature at the tip of dendrite. The latter is attributed to the effects of electric thermodynamics on the microstructural formation such as the enhanced connectivity of conductive phase. The microstructures obtained by electropulsing treatment are favourable for heat conduction, structural strength and crack prohibition. However, the excess pulse frequency and pulse width can generate unwanted heat to counteract electric effect. The research reveals the relationship between electric processing conditions and microstructure in a perfectly controversial solidification condition in oxide materials to that of the metals and alloys. The results confirm from the opposite side the validity of the pulsated solidification.

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