The Minutes of the Synod of Lothian and Tweeddale, 1648-1659

Langley, Chris R. ed. (2016). The Minutes of the Synod of Lothian and Tweeddale, 1648-1659. Scottish History Society 6th Series, 11. Woodbridge: Boydell Press.



Edition of the minutes of one of the most important ecclesiastical bodies in Scotland shows their response to Cromwell's invasion.

In the summer of 1650, an English army led by Oliver Cromwell crossed the River Tweed and invaded Scotland. Within less than a year, Edinburgh had fallen to the invading force and Presbyterian ministers across the Central Belt either fled to safer ground or remained to preach against Cromwell's agenda. The invasion brought with it ideas of a new religious settlement, a reorganisation of the civil administration of Scotland and a large body of men that needed housing, food and discipline.
The Synod of Lothian and Tweeddale was one of the most senior ecclesiastical meetings in Scotland to face the English invasion. The meticulous record keeping of its scribes allows an insight into the local response, showing the complexity and negotiation of ecclesiastical government in wartime. The Synod took on a new significance during the 1650s by marshaling the national response to the English invasion, organisingcharitable events for those captured abroad and ensuring that ministers across the region maintained orthodoxy in such a difficult time.
The minutes, previously scattered, are painstakingly stitched together in this volume, and are presented with full introduction and explanatory notes.

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