Intensity simulation of photic effects after cataract surgery for off-axis light sources

Omidi, Poori; Cayless, Alan and Langenbucher, Achim (2022). Intensity simulation of photic effects after cataract surgery for off-axis light sources. PLOS ONE, 17(8), article no. e0272705.



Photopsia is a photic phenomenon that can be associated with intraocular lenses after cataract surgery. To calculate the relative light intensity of photic effects observed after cataract surgery at the foveal region as the most sensitive region of the retina, photopsia was simulated using the ZEMAX optical design software. The simulations are based on the Liou-Brennan eye model with a pupil diameter of 4.5 mm and incorporating implanted IOLs. The hydrophilic IOLs implanted in the eye model have a power of 21 diopter (D) with an optic diameter of 6 mm and 7 mm. Four different intensity detectors are located in specific regions of the eye in this simulation. The ray-tracing analysis was carried out for variations of incident ray angle of 0° to 90° (temporally) in steps of 1°. Depending on the range of incident ray angle, the light intensity was detected at detectors located on the fovea, nasal side of the retina, or the edge surface of the IOLs. Some portion of the input light was detected at specific incident angles in the foveal region. By altering the IOLs edge design to a fully reflective or anti-reflective surface, the range over which the light intensity is detected on the fovea can be shifted. Additionally, with the absorbing edge design, no intensity was detected at the foveal region for incident ray angles larger than 5°. Therefore an absorbing edge design can make photic effects less disturbing for patients.

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