Plasma enhanced atomic layer etching of high-k layers on WS2

de Marneffe, J-F; Marinov, D; Goodyear, A; Wyndaele, P-J; Braithwaite, N StJ; Kundu, S; Cooke, MJ and De Gendt, S (2022). Plasma enhanced atomic layer etching of high-k layers on WS2. Journal of Vacuum Science & Technology A, 40(4)

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1116/6.0001726

Abstract

The etching of HfO2 and ZrO2 high-k dielectrics is studied using plasma-enhanced atomic layer etching. The etching method relies on a continuous argon inductively coupled plasma discharge, in which reactive gases are pulsed, followed by substrate biasing; both steps are separated by purge periods. It is found that pure BCl3 is too chemically active while a Cl2- BCl3 allows a high process synergy; in addition the latter gives a high selectivity to SiO2. The optimal etch conditions are applied to high-k layers deposited on top of WS2 transition metal dichalcogenide. Post-etch analysis show negligible tungsten and sulfur depletion, as well as negligible change in optical (Raman) response of the 2D layer, indicating that atomic layer etching concepts allows to prevent WS2 material loss or damage.

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