A Large-Scale Shock Surrounding a Powerful Radio Galaxy?

Croston, J. H.; Hardcastle, M. J.; Mingo, B.; Evans, D. A.; Dicken, D.; Morganti, R. and Tadhunter, C. N. (2011). A Large-Scale Shock Surrounding a Powerful Radio Galaxy? The Astrophysical Journal, 734(2) L28.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1088/2041-8205/734/2/L28


We report Chandra evidence for a 200 kpc scale shock in the cluster surrounding the powerful radio galaxy 3C 444. Our 20 ks observation allows us to identify a clear surface brightness drop around the outer edge of the radio galaxy, which is likely to correspond to a spheroidal shock propagating into the intracluster medium. We measure a temperature jump across this drop of a factor ∼1.7, which corresponds to a Mach number of ∼1.7. This is likely to be an underestimate due to the need to average over fairly large regions. We also detect clear cavities corresponding to the positions of the radio lobes, which is only the second such detection associated with an FRII radio galaxy. We estimate that the total energy transferred to the environment is >8.2 × 1060 erg, corresponding to a jet power >2.9 × 1045 erg s−1. Our results suggest that energy input from FRII radio galaxies is likely to exceed substantially estimates based on cluster cavity scaling relations.

Viewing alternatives

Download history


Public Attention

Altmetrics from Altmetric

Number of Citations

Citations from Dimensions

Item Actions