Quantifying the Impact of Bedrock Topography Uncertainty in Pine Island Glacier Projections for This Century

Wernecke, Andreas; Edwards, Tamsin L.; Holden, Philip B.; Edwards, Neil R. and Cornford, Stephen L. (2022). Quantifying the Impact of Bedrock Topography Uncertainty in Pine Island Glacier Projections for This Century. Geophysical Research Letters, 49(6), article no. e2021GL096589.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1029/2021gl096589

Abstract

Abstract: The predicted Antarctic contribution to global‐mean sea‐level rise is one of the most uncertain among all major sources. Partly this is because of instability mechanisms of the ice flow over deep basins. Errors in bedrock topography can substantially impact the projected resilience of glaciers against such instabilities. Here we analyze the Pine Island Glacier topography to derive a statistical model representation. Our model allows for inhomogeneous and spatially dependent uncertainties and avoids unnecessary smoothing from spatial averaging or interpolation. A set of topography realizations is generated representing our best estimate of the topographic uncertainty in ice sheet model simulations. The bedrock uncertainty alone creates a 5%–25% uncertainty in the predicted sea level rise contribution at year 2100, depending on friction law and climate forcing. Pine Island Glacier simulations on this new set are consistent with simulations on the BedMachine reference topography but diverge from Bedmap2 simulations.

Viewing alternatives

Download history

Metrics

Public Attention

Altmetrics from Altmetric

Number of Citations

Citations from Dimensions

Item Actions

Export

About