Intuition and discursive knowledge: Bachelard critic of Bergson

Chimisso, Cristina (2023). Intuition and discursive knowledge: Bachelard critic of Bergson. British Journal for the History of Philosophy, 31(4)



In this paper, I discuss Gaston Bachelard’s criticism of Henri Bergson’s employment of intuition as the specific method of philosophy, and as a reliable means of acquiring knowledge. I locate Bachelard’s criticism within the reception of Bergsonian intuition by rationalist philosophers who subscribed to the Third Republic’s ethos. I argue that the reasons of Bachelard’s rejection of Bergsonian intuition were not only epistemological, but also ethical and pedagogical. His view of knowledge as mediated, social, and historical, cannot be separated from his conceptions of society, education, and the human being.

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