Internationalisation of Vietnamese higher education through English Medium Instruction programmes: a literature review on outcomes

Nguyen, An (2021). Internationalisation of Vietnamese higher education through English Medium Instruction programmes: a literature review on outcomes. In: Vietnam Education Symposium 2021, 9-12 Sep 2021, Hochiminh City, Vietnam (Hybrid).

URL: https://ves.sciencesconf.org/

Abstract

As part of the internationalisation process of higher education, there has been a fast-moving shift from teaching English as a Foreign Language to teaching through English language around the world. This article provides a literature review of the internationalisation process of the Vietnamese higher education sector and the current developments of EMI research in the global and Vietnamese context. The emergence of EMI remains to be contested in terms of the conceptual operationalisations and the underlying assumptions behind this global phenomenon. Given the rising role of English as the most important foreign language in Vietnam, the implementation of EMI seems to increasingly become ‘an unstoppable train’ (Macaro, 2015, p.7) in the internationalisation agenda of Vietnamese universities. This article considered a large volume of existing research on EMI policy, practice and processes in the Vietnamese context from different levels of perspectives. In doing so, this article also highlighted several areas of knowledge gap that require further research attention. Most urgently, more empirical and comparable evidence is needed to validate the effectiveness of EMI programmes, compared to the traditional VMI programmes that are both being provided to Vietnamese students at universities.

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