First Detection and Thermal Characterization of Terminator CO2 Ice Clouds With ExoMars/NOMAD

Liuzzi, Giuliano; Villanueva, Geronimo L.; Trompet, Loïc; Crismani, Matteo M. J.; Piccialli, Arianna; Aoki, Shohei; Lopez‐Valverde, Miguel Angel; Stolzenbach, Aurélien; Daerden, Frank; Neary, Lori; Smith, Michael D.; Patel, Manish R.; Lewis, Stephen R.; Clancy, R. Todd; Thomas, Ian R.; Ristic, Bojan; Bellucci, Giancarlo; Lopez‐Moreno, Jose‐Juan and Vandaele, Ann Carine (2021). First Detection and Thermal Characterization of Terminator CO2 Ice Clouds With ExoMars/NOMAD. Geophysical Research Letters, 48(22), article no. e2021GL095895.



We present observations of terminator CO2 ice clouds events in three groups: Equatorial dawn, Equatorial dusk (both between 20°S and 20°N) and Southern midlatitudes at dawn (45°S and 55°S east of Hellas Basin) with ESA ExoMars Trace Gas Orbiter's Nadir and Occultation for MArs Discovery instrument. CO2 ice abundance is retrieved simultaneously with water ice, dust, and particle sizes, and rotational temperature and CO2 column profiles in 16 of 26 cases. Small particles (<0.5 μm) prevail at dusk, while water ice likely provides most source nuclei at dawn. Clouds east of Hellas are found to be dominantly nucleated on surface-lifted dust. CO2 ice is sometimes detected in unsaturated air together with dust nuclei at dawn, suggesting ongoing sublimation. Depending on latitude and local time, the interplay between particle precipitation and the lifetime of temperature minima (i.e., cold pockets) determines CO2 ice properties.

Viewing alternatives

Download history


Public Attention

Altmetrics from Altmetric

Number of Citations

Citations from Dimensions

Item Actions