Developing Phrónēsis: Challenges and opportunities

Busher, Hugh; Fox, Alison and Capewell, Carmel (2022). Developing Phrónēsis: Challenges and opportunities. In: Fox, Alison; Busher, Hugh and Capewell, Carmel eds. Thinking critically and ethically about research for education: Engaging with people’s voices for self-empowerment,. London: Routledge, pp. 200–207.



This final chapter examines the authors’ reflections, learning and practical adaptations made in response to the four questions which authors were asked to address:
1. What values prompted you to do your research and how did you share these with participants?
2. What were the ethical considerations raised beforehand and how were these tackled in terms of meeting obligations (including to Ethical Review Bodies (ERBs)), maximising benefits and dealing with issues arising during the study and through to publication/dissemination?
3. What does ‘empowerment’ and ‘voice’ mean to you, as a researcher, and how did you express this to the participants?
4. In what ways were the participants given opportunities to be empowered in or through your study?
Comparisons and contrasts are made between the learning by the authors when undertaking ethically and critically defensible qualitative research for education.

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