Critical ethical reflexivity: Reflections for practice and knowledge

Fox, Alison and Busher, Hugh (2022). Critical ethical reflexivity: Reflections for practice and knowledge. In: Fox, Alison; Busher, Hugh and Capewell, Carmel eds. Thinking critically and ethically about research for education: Engaging with people’s voices for self-empowerment. London: Routledge, pp. 187–199.



Reflections on the preceding chapters are scaffolded by a previously published ethical appraisal framework referred to as the CERD framework (Stutchbury and Fox, 2009; Fox and Mitchell, 2019) which draws on four key traditions of Western ethical thinking. This framework is related to an ethical framework commonly used by Ethical Review Bodies in Global North Universities and to educational researchers’ professional code of conduct in the UK, the British Educational Research Association Ethical Guidelines (2018). The reflections make links between ethical and methodological decision-making that authors have discussed in their chapters. In discussing the potential for studies to plan for positive consequences for a range of audiences, the chapter considers how consequential ethical thinking (see Chapter 1) can be reclaimed from merely avoiding negative consequences in research, such as causing harm. It also considers the various ecological spaces with which researchers have to engage to support inclusive educational research, the relationships they need to develop and the responsibilities researchers face with a deontological ethics of care, requiring them to resolve multiple obligations to research participants, gatekeepers, and society in general.

Viewing alternatives

Download history


Public Attention

Altmetrics from Altmetric

Number of Citations

Citations from Dimensions

Item Actions