Englishization in Danish higher education: From critical to constructive conceptualizations

Dimova, Slobodanka; Hultgren, Anna Kristina and Kling, Joyce (2021). Englishization in Danish higher education: From critical to constructive conceptualizations. In: Wilkinson, Robert and Gabriëls, René eds. The Englishization of Higher Education in Europe. Amsterdam: Amsterdam University Press, pp. 143–162.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.2307/j.ctv21ptzkn.10


This chapter offers a longitudinal overview of Englishization in Danish higher education, tracing its conceptualization from critical to constructive. In the initial stages, English was viewed sceptically, with concerns over domain loss, equity, quality of education, and consequences for the national language and culture. Such concerns led to a joint Nordic language policy promoting parallel language use, that is, a balanced use of English and the national language. In Denmark, this concept has been particularly salient, with all Danish universities having some sort of parallel language policy (Hultgren, 2014b). Recently, more constructive stances have replaced the concerns, perhaps recognizing that the continued expansion of Englishization is inevitable. Today, numerous Danish initiatives advance practical solutions to secure a smooth implementation
of English medium of instruction.

Viewing alternatives

Download history


Public Attention

Altmetrics from Altmetric

Number of Citations

Citations from Dimensions

Item Actions