How designers can reshape public controversies

Nold, Christian (2016). How designers can reshape public controversies. In: Proceedings of Design & the City: Designing Smart Cities for Citizens, Amsterdam University of Applied Sciences, Amsterdam, The Netherlands pp. 9–12.



Using a case study about the expansion of Heathrow airport, Christian Nold argues that designers should engage with public controversies. According to Nold designers are uniquely equipped to make the underlying social and technical infrastructures of public controversies visible and redesign them.

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