In-Situ Determination of Precipitation Kinetics During Heat Treatment of Superalloy 718

Cormier, J.; Gadaud, P.; Czaplicki, M.; Zhang, R. Y.; Dong, H. B.; Smith, T. M.; Zhang, F.; Tiley, J. S. and Semiatin, S. L. (2021). In-Situ Determination of Precipitation Kinetics During Heat Treatment of Superalloy 718. Metallurgical and Materials Transactions A, 52(2) pp. 500–511.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11661-020-06078-4

Abstract

Two in-situ test techniques were used to obtain insight into the isothermal precipitation kinetics of ɣ" and ɣ' in superalloy 718. The first method consisted of measurements of Young's modulus using a dynamic-resonance method (DRM), and the other comprised determination of the evolution of the lattice parameter of the ɣ-matrix phase via neutron diffraction. For both techniques, solution-treated-and-water-quenched samples were heated to a nominal test temperature of 923 K, 953 K, 1013 K, or 1053 K and held for a time of ~ 5 to 50 hours, at the end of which a near-steady condition in terms of an apparently-constant modulus/lattice parameter had been achieved. The observations from each test technique suggested sequential periods of rapid initial increase in volume fraction followed by a gradually-decreasing rate of change. The data were converted to transformed fraction as a function of time and interpreted in terms of phenomenological (JMAK) and mechanistic (nucleation-and-growth) models. From the former approach, Avrami exponents which decreased from approximately unity at the lower two temperatures to ~ 0.5 at the highest temperature, were deduced. The transformed fraction-versus-time behaviors were well replicated using fast-acting numerical simulations based on the mechanistic model. These simulations highlighted the competition between nucleation and growth in determining overall transformation kinetics.

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