Time-of-flight neutron transmission diffraction

Santisteban, J.R.; Edwards, L.; Steuwer, A. and Withers, P. J. (2001). Time-of-flight neutron transmission diffraction. Journal of Applied Crystallography, 34(3) pp. 289–297.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1107/S0021889801003260


The positions of Bragg edges in neutron transmission experiments can be defined with high accuracy using the time-of-flight (TOF) technique on pulsed neutron sources. A new dedicated transmission instrument has been developed at ISIS, the UK spallation source, which provides a precision of Δd/d ~10^-5 in the determination of interplanar distances. This is achieved by fitting a theoretical three-parameter expression to the normalized Bragg edges appearing in the TOF transmission spectra. The technique is demonstrated by experiments performed on iron, niobium and nickel powders. The applicability of using the instrument for the determination of lattice strains in materials has been investigated using a simple in situ loading experiment. Details of the calibration process are presented and the dependence of the resolution and the experimental times required by the transmission geometry on the instrumental variables are studied. Finally, the requirements for a Rietveld-type refinement of transmission data and the advantages and limitations over traditional neutron diffraction peak analysis are discussed.

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