Safety, fairness, and inclusion: transgender athletes and the essence of Rugby

Pike, Jon (2021). Safety, fairness, and inclusion: transgender athletes and the essence of Rugby. Journal of the Philosophy of Sport (Early Access).

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/00948705.2020.1863814

Abstract

In this paper, I link philosophical discussion of policies for trans inclusion or exclusion, to a method of policy making. I address the relationship between concerns about safety, fairness, and inclusion in policy making about the inclusion of transwomen athletes into women’s sport. I argue for an approach based on lexical priority rather than simple ‘balancing’, considering the different values in a specific order. I present justifying reasons for this approach and this lexical order, based on the special obligations of International Federations such as World Rugby. As a result, I provide a justificatory framework for the WR Guidelines that exclude transwomen from the women’s game in WR competitions. Finally, I give an account of a maximally safe, maximally fair and maximally inclusive form of sex categorisation in sport.

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