Varieties of Good

Shand, John (2012). Varieties of Good. Journal of Leeds Philosophical Society, 2(1)


The argument in this paper is that there is often a confusion between saying of something that it is intrinsically good and saying that it is good as an end-in-itself. It leads to the accusation that if you do not value something as having intrinsic worth, you must be valuing it merely instrumentally, and as having value because it promotes something else that you value. This is a mistake that distorts arguments about value, including moral value. The mistake includes seeming to have to assert that many things have intrinsic value, else they could not be defended as having value as ends-in-themselves, leaving them as valuable only insofar as we can make use of them.

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