Gender and International Student Migration

Raghuram, Parvati and Sondhi, Gunjan (2021). Gender and International Student Migration. In: Mora, Claudia and Piper, Nicola eds. The Palgrave Handbook of Gender and Migration. London: Palgrave Macmillan, pp. 221–235.



Students have been important constituents of migratory flows but until recently they were seen as temporary short-term migrants and were therefore excluded from mainstream migration debates, including those on gender and migration. However, the rapid rise in international student migrants in recent years has led to a spate of research on this group. Yet, and despite the fact that women form a growing part of international student flows, little gender analysis has been conducted. This chapter begins by setting out the framings of parallel conversations in gender and migration and student migration. It then focuses on what the two bodies of work can learn from each other. The next section explores how and where gender matters in the student migration trajectory – from decision-making about migration to the migration experience and finally the post-study transitions. In doing so it points to the limited work exploring these issues and highlights areas for future research. The chapter concludes by broadening out these issues and interrogating gender, international and student in debates on gender and international student migration.

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