Dimensions of Metaphorical Meaning

Gargett, Andrew; Ruppenhofer, Josef and Barnden, John (2014). Dimensions of Metaphorical Meaning. In: Proceedings of the 4th Workshop on Cognitive Aspects of the Lexicon (CogALex), Association for Computational Linguistics and Dublin City University, Dublin, Ireland pp. 166–173.

URL: https://www.aclweb.org/anthology/W14-4721


Recent work suggests that concreteness and imageability play an important role in the meanings of figurative expressions. We investigate this idea in several ways. First, we try to define more precisely the context within which a figurative expression may occur, by parsing a corpus annotated for metaphor. Next, we add both concreteness and imageability as “features” to the parsed metaphor corpus, by marking up words in this corpus using a psycholinguistic database of scores for concreteness and imageability. Finally, we carry out detailed statistical analyses of the augmented version of the original metaphor corpus, cross-matching the features of concreteness and imageability with others in the corpus such as parts of speech and dependency relations, in order to investigate in detail the use of such features in predicting whether a given expression is metaphorical or not.

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