Pairwise entanglement in the xx model with a magnetic impurity

Fu, Hongchen; Solomon, Allan I. and Wang, Xiaoguang (2002). Pairwise entanglement in the xx model with a magnetic impurity. Journal of Physics A: Mathematical and General, 35(19) pp. 4293–4300.



For a three-qubit Heisenberg model in a uniform magnetic field, the pairwise thermal entanglement of any two sites is identical due to the exchange symmetry of sites. In this paper we consider the effect of a non-uniform magnetic field on the Heisenberg model, modelling a magnetic impurity on one site. Since pairwise entanglement is calculated by tracing out one of the three sites, the entanglement clearly depends on which site the impurity is located. When the impurity is located on the site which is traced out, that is, when it acts as an external field of the pair, the entanglement can be enhanced to the maximal value 1; while when the field acts on a site of the pair the corresponding concurrence can only be increased from 1/3 to 2/3.

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