Critical energy-density profile near walls

Borjan, Z.; Vasilyev, O. A.; Upton, P. J. and Dietrich, S. (2020). Critical energy-density profile near walls. Physical Review E, 102(2), article no. 022805.



We examine critical adsorption for semi-infinite thermodynamic systems of the Ising universality class when they are in contact with a wall of the so-called normal surface universality class in spatial dimension d=3 and in the mean-field limit. We apply local-functional theory and Monte Carlo simulations in order to quantitatively determine the properties of the energy density as the primary scaling density characterizing the critical behaviors of Ising systems besides the order parameter. Our results apply to the critical isochore, near two-phase coexistence, and along the critical isotherm if the surface and the weak bulk magnetic fields are either collinear or anticollinear. In the latter case, we also consider the order parameter, which so far has yet to be examined along these lines. We find the interface between the surface and the bulk phases at macroscopic distances from the surface, i.e., the surface is “wet.” It turns out that in this case the usual property of monotonicity of primary scaling densities with respect to the temperature or magnetic field scaling variable does not hold for the energy density due to the presence of this interface.

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