Apolipoprotein E isoforms differentially regulate matrix metallopeptidase 9 function in Alzheimer’s disease

Ringland, Charis; Schweig, Jonas Elias; Paris, Daniel; Shackleton, Ben; Lynch, Cillian E.; Eisenbaum, Maxwell; Mullan, Michael; Crawford, Fiona; Abdullah, Laila and Bachmeier, Corbin (2020). Apolipoprotein E isoforms differentially regulate matrix metallopeptidase 9 function in Alzheimer’s disease. Neurobiology of Aging, 95 pp. 56–68.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.neurobiolaging.2020.06.018

Abstract

Apolipoprotein E (APOE) has been shown to influence amyloid-β (Aβ) clearance from the brain in an isoform-specific manner. Our prior work showed that Aβ transit across the blood-brain-barrier was reduced by apoE4, compared to other apoE isoforms, due to elevated lipoprotein receptor shedding in brain endothelia. Recently, we demonstrated that matrix metallopeptidase 9 (MMP-9) induces lipoprotein receptor proteolysis in an apoE isoform-dependent manner, which impacts Aβ elimination from the brain. The current studies interrogated the relationship between apoE and MMP-9 and found that apoE impacted proMMP-9 cellular secretion from brain endothelia (apoE2 < apoE3 = apoE4). In a cell-free assay, apoE dose-dependently reduced MMP-9 activity, with apoE4 showing a significantly weaker ability to inhibit MMP-9 function than apoE2 or apoE3. Finally, we observed elevated MMP-9 expression and activity in the cerebrovasculature of both human and animal AD brain specimens with an APOE4 genotype. Collectively, these findings suggest a role for apoE in regulating MMP-9 disposition and may describe the effect of apoE4 on Aβ pathology in the AD brain.

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About

  • Item ORO ID
  • 71752
  • Item Type
  • Journal Item
  • ISSN
  • 0197-4580
  • Keywords
  • Alzheimer’s disease; cerebrovasculature; apolipoprotein E; Matrix metallopeptidase 9; binding affinity; enzyme regulation
  • Academic Unit or School
  • Faculty of Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM)
  • Copyright Holders
  • © 2020 Elsevier Inc.
  • Depositing User
  • ORO Import

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