The e-MERGE Survey (e-MERLIN Galaxy Evolution Survey): overview and survey description

Muxlow, T.W.B; Thomson, A. P.; Radcliffe, J. F.; Wrigley, N. H.; Beswick, R. J.; Smail, Ian; McHardy, I. M.; Garrington, S. T.; Ivison, R. J.; Jarvis, M. J.; Prandoni, I.; Bondi, M.; Guidetti, D.; Argo, M. K.; Bacon, David; Best, P. N.; Biggs, A. D.; Chapman, S. C.; Coppin, K.; Chen, H.; Garratt, T. K.; Garrett, M. A.; Ibar, E.; Kneib, Jean-Paul; Knudsen, Kirsten K.; Koopmans, L. V. E.; Morabito, L. K.; Murphy, E. J.; Njeri, A.; Pearson, Chris; Pérez-Torres, M. A.; Richards, A. M. S.; Röttgering, H. J. A.; Sargent, M. T.; Serjeant, Stephen; Simpson, C.; Simpson, J. M.; Swinbank, A. M.; Varenius, E. and Venturi, T. (2020). The e-MERGE Survey (e-MERLIN Galaxy Evolution Survey): overview and survey description. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 495(1) pp. 1188–1208.



We present an overview and description of the e-MERGE Survey (e-MERLIN Galaxy Evolution Survey) Data Release 1 (DR1), a large program of high-resolution 1.5-GHz radio observations of the GOODS-N field comprising ∼140 h of observations with enhanced-Multi-Element Remotely Linked Interferometer Network (e-MERLIN) and ∼40 h with the Very Large Array (VLA). We combine the long baselines of e-MERLIN (providing high angular resolution) with the relatively closely packed antennas of the VLA (providing excellent surface brightness sensitivity) to produce a deep 1.5-GHz radio survey with the sensitivity ~1.5 μ Jy beam−1), angular resolution (0.2–0.7 arcsec) and field-of-view (∼15 × 15 arcmin2) to detect and spatially resolve star-forming galaxies and active galactic nucleus (AGN) at z ≳ 1. The goal of e-MERGE is to provide new constraints on the deep, sub-arcsecond radio sky which will be surveyed by SKA1-mid. In this initial publication, we discuss our data analysis techniques, including steps taken to model in-beam source variability over an ∼20-yr baseline and the development of new point spread function/primary beam models to seamlessly merge e-MERLIN and VLA data in the uv plane. We present early science results, including measurements of the luminosities and/or linear sizes of ∼500 galaxies selected at 1.5 GHz. In combination with deep Hubble Space Telescope observations, we measure a mean radio-to-optical size ratio of re-MERGE/rHST ∼ 1.02 ± 0.03, suggesting that in most high-redshift galaxies, the ∼GHz continuum emission traces the stellar light seen in optical imaging. This is the first in a series of papers that will explore the ∼kpc-scale radio properties of star-forming galaxies and AGN in the GOODS-N field observed by e-MERGE DR1.

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