Exploring new directions for research in problem structuring methods: on the role of cognitive style

Franco, L.A. and Meadows, M. (2007). Exploring new directions for research in problem structuring methods: on the role of cognitive style. Journal of the Operational Research Society, 58(12) pp. 1621–1629.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1057/palgrave.jors.2602346

Abstract

Prior research has argued that cognitive style can have a significant impact on group decision making. In addition, several scholars have proposed that cognitive style can play a key role in the design and use of group decision support systems. However, cognitive style has not received a great deal of attention in the problem structuring methods (PSMs) community. This is surprising, given that PSMs are specifically developed to support a group in their decision making. The purpose of this paper is thus to examine the significance of cognitive style within PSMs. The paper identifies and explores the role of four different cognitive style functions in problem structuring interventions. This analysis is carried out by focusing on the different tasks embedded within a group process supported by PSMs. Implications for the research and practice of PSMs are then discussed.

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