Evangelicals and Rome

Maiden, John In: Atherstone, Andrew and Jones, David Ceri eds. The Routledge Research Companion to the History of Evangelicalism. Routledge, pp. 93–109.

URL: https://www.taylorfrancis.com/books/e/978131561360...

Abstract

This chapter charts the transformation that has taken place in evangelical attitudes towards the Roman Catholic Church, from a relationship initially marked by competition and conflict, to one characterized by a growing sense of mutuality in the late twentieth and twenty-first centuries. Using three chronological snapshots, early evangelicalism, the nineteenth century 'Protestant Crusades', and the era of the new evangelicalism, Vatican II and the culture wars, it traces the long-term developments in evangelical-Catholic relations. As a Christian movement which displays a strong kinship with the Reformation, in particular the authority of Scripture and salvation by faith through grace alone – alongside an emphasis on individualism and private judgment – evangelicalism has frequently regarded itself markedly at odds with Roman Catholicism. Evangelicals have sometimes admired the piety or missionary zeal of Catholicism, or the aesthetics and materialities of sacramental worship; or recognized common ground in supernaturalism, or on moral and ethical matters.

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