The radio spectrum requirements of broadband power line telecommunications systems.

Brannon, Raymond James (2007). The radio spectrum requirements of broadband power line telecommunications systems. PhD thesis The Open University.



There is concern among short wave (HF) radio users that broadband Power Line telecommunications (PLT) systems could cause serious interference to their services. The purpose of my research was to identify the factors that determine the performance of broadband PLT systems and to investigate how to maximise system performance while minimising the effect of PLT on HF radio systems. The study concentrates on the requirements for Access Band systems used to provide local loop service operating on 230/400V three-phase Low Voltage mains distribution networks.

The basis of the study is a comprehensive set of measurements made on Low Voltage mains distribution networks in the UK, mainland Europe and Australia.

The new approach to PLT band planning taken in this thesis uses Claude Shannon's information theory to predict the data capacity of arbitrary 3MHz sub bands. The results of the measurement programme are used to determine an optimum frequency band plan for PLT systems, taking account of the needs of the systems and the protection of other users of the HF spectrum. An example of how the proposed band plan can be used on a typical LV distribution network is included.

The use of the mathematical models with the results of the attenuation, noise and emission measurements show that it is possible to improve on both the frequency band plans proposed in current PLT standards and the nonstandard frequency usage of many PLT trial systems. This will facilitate the achievement of competitive performance without causing undue radio interference, thus potentially making broadband PLT more acceptable to the HF radio community.

The choice of modulation and coding systems required to deliver the predicted performance in the presence of transient interference is also discussed.

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