Patterns, designs and activities: unifying descriptions of learning structures

McAndrew, Patrick; Goodyear, Peter and Dalziel, James (2006). Patterns, designs and activities: unifying descriptions of learning structures. International Journal of Learning Technology, 2(2-3) pp. 216–242.




In this paper, we examine emerging ways to describe and structure learning material, learning tasks and learning situations. In particular, we consider three different approaches, looking at common issues and differences in emphasis. These approaches are: learning patterns, inspired by the architectural patterns of Alexander; learning design, as described in the IMS Learning Design specification and which itself draws on Educational Modelling Language (EML) developed at The Open University of the Netherlands and learning activities as used in the Learning Activity Management System (LAMS).

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  • Item ORO ID
  • 6489
  • Item Type
  • Journal Item
  • ISSN
  • 1477-8386
  • Extra Information
  • The PDF attached is a pre-print, not the published version of the article.
  • Keywords
  • learning design; patterns; e-learning; learning activities; learning technology standards; reuse
  • Academic Unit or School
  • Faculty of Wellbeing, Education and Language Studies (WELS)
  • Depositing User
  • Patrick McAndrew