The Education, Training and Supply of Teachers in England and Wales, 1963-73: an analysis of policy formation.

Matthews, Peter (1989). The Education, Training and Supply of Teachers in England and Wales, 1963-73: an analysis of policy formation. MPhil thesis The Open University.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.21954/ou.ro.0000fc52

Abstract

This thesis is an historical study of the process of policy I formation for the education, training and supply of teachers in England and Wales during the period 1963 to 1973. The thesis takes as its starting point the events leading up to the publication, in October 1963, of the Report of the Robbins Committee on 'Higher Education', and ends with the policy which emerged as a result of the White Paper, 'Education: a framework for expansion', published by the Department of Education and Science, in December 1972.
In the decade followig the publication of the Robbins Report the number of students entering the Colleges and Departments of Education, and consequently the number of teachers enetering the schools, rose from 54,000 to 114,000. Ten years later, however, in December 1972, a change in government policy, outlined in the White Paper, 'Education: a framework for expansion', effectively brought this expansion to an end. Under the terms of this White Paper, the 114,000 student teacher places were to be reduced to between 60,000 and 70,000.
During the same decade the expansion in the quantitative supply of teachers was matched by a qualitative change in their education and training, with the introduction of the 'Bachelor of Education' Degree. Despite this, however, and in spite of an earlier decision to increase the normal college course from two to three years, there arose towards the end of the decade growing concern about the 'content' and 'control' of teacher education and training - a concern which led eventually to the seting up of the James Committee.
t In January 1972, the Report of the James Committee, 'Teacher Education and Training', was completed. It was immediately published as a Green Paper by the Government and, within twelve months, in Deceber 1972, the White Paper, 'Education: a framework for Expansion', was published by the Department of Education and Science, outlining the Government's policy for the education, training and supply of teachers for the next ten years, and incorporating in it many of the recommendations of the James Report.
This thesis aims to analyse the reasons behind these policies for the education, training and supply of teachers - their development, continuity and change - between 1963 and 1973, and in so doing to examine the two dimensions to the study of policy formation, namely 'power' and 'rationality'.

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