A combined PSK/ASK transmission system for commercial telephony via satellite

Colby, Roger J (1984). A combined PSK/ASK transmission system for commercial telephony via satellite. PhD thesis The Open University.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.21954/ou.ro.0000f927

Abstract

This study addresses three modulation schemes capable of increasing the voice channel capacity of the INTELSAT TDMA/DSI System operating with INTELSAT V spacecraft. In particular, a combination digital Amplitude-Shift Keying/Phase-Shifting Keying (APK) technique is evaluated with respect to signal design, thermal noise performance, bandwidths limitations, co-channel interference, adjacent channel interference, TWT distortion and modem complexity in an INTELSAT TDMA system environment. In a linear channel some APK signal designs are known to require significantly less average SNR than PSK to achieve the same probability of symbol error. However, when operated through a satellite channel containing at least one TWT, the reduction in average power required to accommodate amplitude variations causes APK performance to fall below that of PSK for the same alphabet size. Signal predistortion and/or TWT linearization can eliminate the effect of TWT distortion and restore the performance advantage, although the overall performance of APK is still inferior to PSK. However, in a heavily interference limited environment, such as INTELSAT V, the lower average power requirements caused an APK system to perform better, in some cases considerably better, than the corresponding PSK case.

Modem implementation considerations include how the signal set can be generated, the type and method of predistortion compensation, the detection method and the equipment required for the reconstruction of phase and amplitude references. The evaluation techniques of APK described include mathematical models, computer simulations (including the development of a unified error performance expression) and logical extrapolation from the QPSK case. Finally, a simple 8 level APK hardware modem was constructed and evaluated. It is concluded that an APK system may be of advantage as a retrofit in the INTELSAT TDMA system operating at 6/4 GHz, but be of significant advantage at 14/11 Ghz where the higher signal/noise ratios can yield an increase in capacity of up to 50 percent.

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