Spatial arrangements in architecture and mechanical engineering: some aspects of their representation and construction

Earl, Christopher Francis (1981). Spatial arrangements in architecture and mechanical engineering: some aspects of their representation and construction. PhD thesis The Open University.



Spatial arrangements in architecture and mechanical engineering are represented by incidence structures and classified according to properties of these incidence structures. The relationships between classes are given by ornamentation operations and the construction of elements in fundamental classes by substructure replacement operations. Thus representations of the spatial arrangements for possible designs are generated.

Planar maps represent spatial arrangements in architecutral plans. The edges correspond to walls and vertices to incidence between walls. Plans represented by 3-vertex connected maps are ornamented by rooting and extension operations. Further ornamentation specifies access between regions. Plans with all regions adjacent to the exterior correspond to outerplane maps. Trivalent maps represent an important class of plans. Fundamental plans with r internal regions and s regions adjacent to the exterior are represented by [r,s] triangulations. Ornamentations of simple [r,s] triangulations are specified which represent plans with rectangular regions. Plans with walls aligned along two directions are represented by rectangular shapes whose maximal lines correspond to contiguous aligned walls. Rules of construction for various classes are given and the incidence structures of maximal lines and regions are characterized.

Spatial arrangements in machines are represented by systems whose blocks correspond to links and vertices to joints. The dual systems are also used. Coplanar kinematic chains with revolute pairs are classified according to mobility and connectedness. Two fundamental classes are considered. First, the chains with binary joints, represented by simple graphs and constructed by two new methods: (i) suspended chain and cycle addition and (ii) subgraph replacement. Second, the chains with binary links which are constructed by subgraph replacement.

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