A Role for FACT in RNA Polymerase II Promoter-Proximal Pausing

Tettey, Theophilus T.; Gao, Xin; Shao, Wanqing; Li, Hua; Story, Benjamin A.; Chitsazan, Alex D.; Glaser, Robert L.; Goode, Zach H.; Seidel, Christopher W.; Conaway, Ronald C.; Zeitlinger, Julia; Blanchette, Marco and Conaway, Joan W. (2019). A Role for FACT in RNA Polymerase II Promoter-Proximal Pausing. Cell Reports, 27(13) 3770-3779.e7.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.celrep.2019.05.099


FACT (facilitates chromatin transcription) is an evolutionarily conserved histone chaperone that was initially identified as an activity capable of promoting RNA polymerase II (Pol II) transcription through nucleosomes in vitro. In this report, we describe a global analysis of FACT function in Pol II transcription in Drosophila. We present evidence that loss of FACT has a dramatic impact on Pol II elongation-coupled processes including histone H3 lysine 4 (H3K4) and H3K36 methylation, consistent with a role for FACT in coordinating histone modification and chromatin architecture during Pol II transcription. Importantly, we identify a role for FACT in the maintenance of promoter-proximal Pol II pausing, a key step in transcription activation in higher eukaryotes. These findings bring to light a broader role for FACT in the regulation of Pol II transcription.

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