Far-Field Superoscillatory Metamaterial Superlens

Yuan, Guanghui; Rogers, Katrine S.; Rogers, Edward T. F. and Zheludev, Nikolay I. (2019). Far-Field Superoscillatory Metamaterial Superlens. Physical Review Applied, 11, article no. 064016.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevApplied.11.064016


We demonstrate a metamaterial superlens: a planar array of discrete subwavelength metamolecules with individual scattering characteristics tailored to vary spatially to create subdiffraction superoscillatory focus of, in principle, arbitrary shape and size. Metamaterial free-space lenses with previously unattainable effective numerical apertures – as high as 1.52 – and foci as small as 0.33λ in size are demonstrated. Super-resolution imaging with such lenses is experimentally verified breaking the conventional diffraction limit of resolution and exhibiting resolution close to the size of the focus. Our approach will enable far-field label-free super-resolution nonalgorithmic microscopies at harmless levels of intensity, including imaging inside cells, nanostructures, and silicon chips, without impregnating them with fluorescent materials.

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