Co-created Evaluation: identifying how games support police learning

Adams, Anne; Hart, Jennefer; Iacovides, Ioanna; Beavers, Sian; Olivera, Manuel and Margoudi, Maria (2019). Co-created Evaluation: identifying how games support police learning. International Journal of Human-Computer Studies, 132 pp. 34–44.



HCI often produces improved systems through co-creation with practitioners. However, evaluation methods are primarily researcher-led (i.e. not co-created with practitioners). As part of a games-based learning evaluation, we detail a novel co-creation method that produces evaluations on how technology influences learning. Based upon educational threshold concept theories, the Tricky Topic method supported the co-creation of knowledge-based evaluation questionnaires with trainers. The evaluation involved 116 new recruit police officers from three UK police forces who participated in a randomized-control trial. The Tricky Topic method provided insights of how the game significantly increased understanding p<.001 (moderate effect size) in comparison with face-to-face training. Tricky topic breakdowns identify increased tacit understanding (e.g. empathy, attention) after games training, and decreased tacit understanding (e.g. respect) after face-to face training. Finally, further research opportunities are discussed concerning co-created evaluation for valid and relevant deconstruction of participants’ understanding that allow designers to pinpoint systems-specific learning benefits.

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  • Item ORO ID
  • 60196
  • Item Type
  • Journal Item
  • ISSN
  • 1071-5819
  • Project Funding Details
  • Funded Project NameProject IDFunding Body
    Not SetNot SetHEFCE Higher Education Funding Council for England
    Not SetNot SetCollege of Policing
    Not SetNot SetCentre for Policing Research and Learning
  • Keywords
  • Evaluation; Serious Games; Tricky Topics; Police Training
  • Academic Unit or School
  • Institute of Educational Technology (IET)
  • Copyright Holders
  • © 2019 Elsevier Ltd.
  • Depositing User
  • ORO Import