Deviant and Over-Compliance: The Domestic Politics of Child Labor in Bolivia and Argentina

Fontana, Lorenza B. and Grugel, Jean (2017). Deviant and Over-Compliance: The Domestic Politics of Child Labor in Bolivia and Argentina. Human Rights Quarterly, 39(3) pp. 631–656.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1353/hrq.2017.0035

Abstract

This article explores the reception of human rights norms on child labor in Bolivia and Argentina, countries where governments and civil societies express support for human rights. However, national responses after ratification of International Labor Organization’s conventions diverge significantly. In Bolivia, domestic interpretations of human rights have prevailed over attachment to ILO conventions (“deviant compliance”), while in Argentina national policies exceed ILO recommendations (“over-compliance”). We use the evidence presented here to call for a more nuanced understanding of what compliance with human rights principles is understood to mean and to stress the importance of domestic interpretations of international norms.

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