Abstract 2844: Association of genetic variants in TNFRSF10B and breast cancer

Abo, Ryan P.; Parry, Marina; Rigas, Sushila H.; Cox, Angela and Camp, Nicola J. (2010). Abstract 2844: Association of genetic variants in TNFRSF10B and breast cancer. In: Cancer Research, AACR, 70(8 Suppl), article no. 2844.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1158/1538-7445.AM10-2844

Abstract

Susceptibility to non-Mendelian forms of breast cancer likely involves many low penetrance variants from multiple genes. Recent associations between genetic variants in CASP8 and breast cancer suggest that CASP8 is one such gene contributing to breast cancer risk (Cox et al. 2007; Shephard et al. 2009). Here we investigate TNFRSF10B for associations with breast cancer. TNFRSF10B is a death receptor gene whose protein signals via caspase-8 in the extrinsic apoptosis pathway.

We selected 11 tagging-SNPs (tSNPs) to represent the majority of the common genetic variation in the TNFTRSF10B gene. These tSNPs were genotyped on 1,992 independent cases and controls from Sheffield, UK. We performed 11 single marker association analyses and a haplotype-mining analysis using hapConstructor (Abo et al. 2008). HapConstructor implements a stepwise forward-backward procedure to search for haplotypes associated with disease. The algorithm allows for automatic consideration of non-contiguous SNP sets and the construction of numerous different genetic models that consider haplotypes, composite genotypes, and both monotype (chromosome-based) and diplotype (individual-based) tests. Briefly, all single locus tests are performed, then loci that surpass predefined significance thresholds are considered in all two-locus combinations, and so on.

For the single marker association testing, dominant, recessive, and trend tests were performed. For the hapConstructor analysis, monotype haplotype tests and diplotype dominant and recessive tests were considered. HapConstructor is implemented within a Monte Carlo testing framework, with all p-values estimated empirically from 100,000 simulations under the null.

Seven SNPs reached nominal significance in at least one of the association tests performed in the single SNP tests. Five of these were based on a recessive model (most significant single SNP yielded p = 0.002). Using hapConstructor, the most significant finding was a 4-SNP haplotype that was associated with an increase of risk (p=0.0006; OR=1.75). Four haplotypes were also identified that were associated with a decrease in risk and each obtained the same level of significance and risk (p=0.00096; OR=0.35). These results for reduced risk were obtained using the diplotype recessive model, similar to the single SNP findings. These results provide initial evidence that further common genetic variants in genes in the extrinsic apoptosis pathway, beyond CASP8, are involved in breast cancer susceptibility.

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