Armstrong was a Cheat: A Reply to Eric Moore

Pike, Jon and Cordell, Sean (2019). Armstrong was a Cheat: A Reply to Eric Moore. Sports, Ethics and Philosophy, 14(2) pp. 247–263.



In this paper, we reply to Eric Moore’s argument that Lance Armstrong did not cheat, at least according to one, standard account of cheating. If that is the case, we argue, so much the worse for the standard account of cheating, since Armstrong was a cheat. We argue that the standard account of cheating fails on several counts: it specifies conditions that are not necessary for cheating: that cheating involves trying to secure an unfair advantage and that cheating depends on fair application of the rules. We dispute Moore’s claim that doping in the peloton was a convention that had normative force, and reject his anti-formalist analogy between doping in the peloton and bodily contact in basketball.

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