Cognitive Radio and TV White Space (TVWS) Applications

Martin, J. H.; Dooley, L. S. and Wong, K. C. P. (2019). Cognitive Radio and TV White Space (TVWS) Applications. In: Zhang, Wei ed. Handbook of Cognitive Radio. Singapore: Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd., pp. 1935–1970.



As more user applications emerge for wireless devices, the corresponding amount of traffic is rapidly expanding, with the corollary that ever-greater spectrum capacity is required. Service providers are experiencing deployment blockages due to insufficient bandwidth being available to accommodate such devices. TV White Space (TVWS) represents an opportunity to supplement existing licensed spectrum by exploiting unlicensed resources. TVWS spectrum has materialised from the unused TV channels in the switchover from analogue to digital platforms. The main obstacles to TVWS adoption are reliable detection of primary users (PU) i.e., TV operators and consumers, allied with specifically, the hidden node problem. This chapter presents a new Generalised Enhanced Detection Algorithm (GEDA) that exploits the unique way Digital Terrestrial TV (DTT) channels are deployed in different geographical areas. GEDA effectively transforms an energy detector into a feature sensor to achieve significant improvements in detection probability of a DTT PU. Furthermore, by framing a novel margin strategy utilising a keep out contour, the hidden node issue is resolved, and a viable secondary user sensing solution formulated. Experimental results for a cognitive radio TVWS model have formalised both the bandwidth and throughput gains secured by TVWS users with this new paradigm.

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