Bachelard, Gaston (1884-1962)

Chimisso, C. (2017) Bachelard, Gaston (1884-1962). in The Blackwell Encyclopedia of Sociology. 1-4.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1002/9781405165518.wbeos0722

Abstract

Gaston Bachelard (1884–1962) was a French philosopher who wrote on science and the imagination. He is the main representative of the French tradition in the philosophy of science that has been named historical epistemology. Of particular importance for subsequent scholars have been his concepts of epistemological break, epistemological obstacle, and regional rationalism. His views of knowledge as rectified error, and of scientific object as sharply distinct from the natural object, have also been influential. The philosophers Michel Foucault and Louis Althusser and the sociologist Pierre Bourdieu have drawn significantly on his philosophy.

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