Development of a hybrid wind instrument—Some key findings

Buys, Kurijn; Sharp, David and Laney, Robin (2017). Development of a hybrid wind instrument—Some key findings. In: Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 141(5), article no. 3620.



A hybrid wind instrument is constructed by putting a theoretical excitation model (such as a real-time computed physical model of a clarinet embouchure) in interaction with a real wind instrument resonator. In previous work, the successful construction of a hybrid wind instrument has been demonstrated, with the interaction facilitated by a loudspeaker and a microphone placed at the entrance of a clarinet-like tube. The present paper focuses on some key findings, concentrating particularly on the “musical instrument” and “research tool” perspectives. The limitations of the hybrid set-up are considered. In particular, the choice of the loudspeaker used in the set-up is explained and the occurrence (and prevention) of instabilities during the operation of the hybrid instrument are discussed. For the design of excitation models used to drive the hybrid instrument, the usefulness of dimensionless and reduced parameter forms is outlined. In contrast to previously reported physically based excitation models, it is demonstrated that a purely mathematical “polynomial model” enables an independent control of separate sound features. For all excitation models, the sounds produced with the hybrid instrument are shown to match to those predicted by simulation. However, the hybrid instrument is more easily destabilized for certain extreme parameter states.

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