'The creation of the Monnet Plan, 1945-46: a critical re-evaluation'

Brunet, Luc-Andre (2018). 'The creation of the Monnet Plan, 1945-46: a critical re-evaluation'. Contemporary European History, 27(1) pp. 23–41.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/S0960777317000418

Abstract

Drawing on an extensive range of French archival sources as well as Jean Monnet’s papers, this article challenges several commonly-held views regarding the establishment of the Monnet Plan by re-examining the domestic political context in post-war France. It reveals that the distinctive ‘supra-ministerial’ structure of the Monnet Plan was developed only after, and in direct response to, the October 1945 legislative elections in which the French Communist Party won the most seats and subsequently gained control of France’s main economic ministries. Furthermore, Monnet managed to convince Communist ministers to surrender important powers from their ministries to Monnet’s nascent planning office on false premises, a finding that challenges the usual depiction of Monnet as an open and honest broker.

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