The landscape and environment of Etruria

Perkins, Phil (2017). The landscape and environment of Etruria. In: Naso, Alessandro ed. Etruscology. Berlin: De Gruyter, pp. 1239–1250.



Etruria, homeland of the Etruscans, lies on the western coast of Italy to the north of Rome between the Tiber and the Arno rivers. This hilly region is defined by its low-lying coast and the rugged Apennine mountains to the north and east. Since the Etruscan period the sea level is little changed but there has been significant soil erosion modifying the hills and valleys. The climate in the Etruscan period was similar to today's but human action has modified the vegetation cover. To conclude, the major landscape zones of Etruria are briefly described.

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